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Live-capture of deer
Capture deer during winter using netted "clover" traps and identify if adult female deer are pregnant.
Live-capture of carnivores
Capture black bears, bobcats, coyotes, and gray wolves using several types of live-traps.
Radio-collars and radio-telemetry
Place radio-tracking collars on does in winter and fawns in the spring to monitor survival.
Global Positioning System (GPS) collars
Place GPS collars on all captured carnivores that record a location every 15 minutes to identify potential predation sites.
Conduct team searches for new-born fawns and fawn predation sites during spring.
Measure vegetation within the study area to estimate cover and available forage.
Maintain a weather station to determine the effect of winter severity on deer and predators.
Estimate population size of deer, black bear, bobcat, coyotes, and wolves using camera surveys, summer hair snares, winter hair snares, howling surveys, and winter tack surveys, respectively.
Alternative prey estimates
Use pellet count surveys and grouse drumming surveys to estimate abundance of snowshoe hare and ruffed grouse, respectively.